主题:【讨论】REACH的关于SVHC新法规不承认混测结果的问题

浏览 |回复14 电梯直达
newjame
结帖率:
100%
关注:0 |粉丝:0
新手级: 新兵
原文由 没办法的办法(v2671144) 发表:
首先,判决并没有明确指出不接受混合测试结果。
其次,如果继续考虑混测:
按最大化算,选10个不同类型的塑料测试,所有SVHC物质结果都不超过100ppm,那么最极端的情况就是某个塑料的某个物质接近1000ppm,但是这还是没有超过欧盟的规定。
那么单个零部件的上述10个塑料就不存在超标的问题,也就不需要传递信息。
所以继续混测的话,只要保证结果不超出对应的数值,依然可以考虑混测的。
问题来了,上述推论是正确的吗?
你这个推论是建立在均质上的,其实已经默认了相关均质测试的内容,如果不是同类型的塑料,而是电路板和电器元件呢,是混测还是挨着点来做?这个测试可不是整体测那样来计算的了 ,话说具体操作指南要明年才正式出来,一切只能明年见分晓了。
tayzan
结帖率:
100%
关注:0 |粉丝:0
新手级: 新兵
原文由 yqj-456(yqj-456) 发表:
这个法庭的判决,应该不是混测不混测的问题,应该是如何计算SVHC浓度的问题,只不过在计算浓度的时候是基于整个产品(ARTICLE)还是部件(COMPONENT)还是均质材料,比如RoHS是均质材料,可以直接用测试的数据,几乎不用换算。SVHC以前是基于article的重量,现在是不是基于component呢?
希望大家都来说说这个。
楼上的,你这里的ARTICLE的定义跟REACH里的不一样吧。  REACH法规里不是整个产品就是Article, 它是有定义的。ECHA在2015-12-17的时候已经更新了指南文件的,建议你去看看
bawuba
结帖率:
100%
关注:0 |粉丝:0
新手级: 新兵
按照欧盟法院判决,Article指具有一定外观设计的功能单元,这个就不一定要拆分到均质材料。目前欧盟法院和欧盟化学品管理委员会对这个还是有争议,具体实施情况,还是等2016欧盟化学品管理委员会更详细的文件。
BGYQ
结帖率:
100%
关注:0 |粉丝:0
新手级: 新兵
物品指的是生产过程中给予了特殊的形状、表面或设计的物体,很大程度上决定于其功能而不是化学组成。
因此“当一个物品被组装成更复杂的物品时,它便不再是一个物品”缺乏理论依据
参考ECHA的Guidance on requirements for substances in articles(February 2017,Draft Version4.0)
When determining if and which REACH substance in articles requirements apply to a given object which is produced, imported and/or placed on the EU market, the first step  is to check whether or not the object is considered as an article under REACH. Objects  may be simple, like a paper sheet, but can also be very complex, like a laptop computer,  consisting of many articles.
Article 3(3) of the REACH Regulation defines an article as “an object which during  production is given a special shape, surface or design which determines its function to  a greater degree than its chemical composition.
An article is an object composed of one or more substances or mixtures which were given  a specific shape, surface or design during the production process. It may be produced  from natural materials, such as wood or wool, or from synthetic ones, such as  polyethylene (PE). Most of the commonly used objects in private households and  industries are themselves articles, or contain articles, e.g. furniture, clothes, vehicles,  books, toys, kitchen equipment and electronic equipment.
In order to determine whether or not an object fulfils the definition of an article under  REACH, the object’s function and its shape, surface or design need to be assessed.
Articles that are assembled or joined together remain articles, as long as they keep a  special shape, surface or design, which is more decisive for their function than their chemical composition, or as long as they do not become waste.